Expert Career Guidance - Streams: Education & Teaching | Perfect Mentors

Education & Teaching

Teachers build the future of any nation. Many opportunities have opened lately for those who want to build a career in education and training.
Stay tuned in this section to keep you abreast with all the latest openings and avail our unique packages to give your preparations the much needed extra edge. 


UGC NET: All about the new exam pattern

The National Eligibility Test (NET), which is also known as UGC NET or CBSE NET, is a nationwide test to determine eligibility for college and university level lecturership and the award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals. It ensures completion of minimum standard qualification for the entrants/ aspirants in teaching and research profession. 

On behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC), the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) holds this test every year. More than 9 lakh candidates had appeared for the last NET examination held in November’17.

The next examination to be held on 8th July, 2018 will be based on the new pattern as notified by UGC earlier this year. Please find below all the important information related to the examination.

Frequency of the examination: Twice a year

Mode of the Exam: Offline

Age Limit and Relaxation

1.    Junior Research Fellowship (JRF): For JRF, upper age limit is 30 years as on 01.07.2018 (previously it was 28 years). 

Terms of relaxation:
•    Upto 5 years relaxation to the candidates belonging to OBC, SC/ST/PwD/Transgender categories and women applicants. 
•    For candidates having research experience, relaxation will be limited to the period spent on research in the relevant/related subject of post-graduation degree, subject to a maximum of 5 years (on production of a certificate from appropriate authority). 
•    Three years relaxation in age will be permissible to the candidates possessing L.L.M. Degree. 
•    Relaxation of 5 years to the candidates who have served in the armed forces subject to the length of service in the armed forces. 
Total age relaxation on the above ground(s) shall not exceed five years under any circumstances.
2.    Assistant Professor: There is no upper age limit or cap on maximum number of attempts for Assistant Professor.


Exam Pattern

Paper I –: General Awareness (Multiple Choice Questions)
Exam Pattern: 50 compulsory question of two marks each (Total 100 marks paper). 
This paper will be of general nature and is meant to test the teaching/ research aptitude of the candidate. As per the notification, the paper will primarily be designed to test reasoning ability, comprehension, divergent thinking and general awareness of the candidate. 
Exam Duration: One hour
Negative Marking: No


Paper II –: Based on specific discipline (Multiple Choice Questions)
Exam Pattern: 100 compulsory question of two marks each (Total 200 marks paper). 
The questions will be based on the subject opted by candidate. The questions will cover entire syllabi of earlier Paper II & Paper III (including all electives, without options).
Exam Duration: Two hour
Negative Marking: No

Both the papers will be held on the same day and qualification in both of them is compulsory. 

Career options in Teaching

Be the Lighting Force.

Since time immemorial teaching has been one of the most respected professions in the society. Teachers are responsible for shaping the skill and aspirations of the future flag bearers of the society.

A career in teaching is not only satisfactory but also financially rewarding now-a-days and with rising awareness about education, the necessity of well-qualified teachers is ever increasing.

Skill-set required:

Before striving for the certifications and exams, it’s better to test one’s aptitude towards this career stream. Following are the pre-requisites for this profession. 

  • Inclination to impart knowledge and skill to others 
  • Written and oral communication skills 
  • Research orientation 
  • Flexibility to adapt to changing learning environment and tools 
  • Patience and perseverance

Opportunities Available:

Right from kindergarten to university, teachers and scholars are needed at every step of educational life. Following are some of the various roles available for teaching aspirants

  • Pre -School Teaching
  • Primary schools
  • Secondary and higher secondary teaching  
  • Colleges and universities
  • Teaching in non-schooling avenues like- Private tuitions and coaching classes
  • NGOs and skill building institutions

1. Pre-primary education:

Job Responsibility: Teaching of children between the age group 3-5 years.

Skills and Certification: Some of the courses for pre-primary include:

  • Nursery Teacher Training (NTT)
  • Primary Teacher Training (PTT)
  • Diploma in Education (D.Ed).

2. Primary education: Teaching of children between the age group of 6 - 12 years in Classes (1-5).

Skills and Certification: Some of the courses for primary education include:

  • Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.),
  • Primary Teacher Training programme
  • Diploma or certificate in basic teachers’ training of not less than two year duration

3. High school education: Teaching of children between the age group of 13-16 years, from classes 6 and above.


  • Graduation with minimum 55% + Bachelor of Education (B. Ed.)
  • Qualification in Teachers Eligibility Test (TET).

Description of various courses:




D Ed. (Diploma in teaching education)

2 year diploma program

12th pass as a minimum qualification

NTT (Nursery Teacher Training):

1 year Diploma in Nursery Teacher Training program

12th pass as a minimum qualification

PTT (Primary Teacher Training)

2 year regular program for teaching primary school children

12th pass as minimum qualification

B El. Ed (Bachelor of Elementary Education)

3 year under-graduate programme for training teachers for teaching children from classes I to VIII

12th pass as minimum qualification

B.Ed. (Bachelor in Education

2-years degree program now-a-days compulsorily for aspirant teachers

Bachelor’s degree in Arts or science stream (B.A. Or B.Sc.) as a minimum qualification

Description of various examinations:

TET (Teacher Eligibility Test): Every state conducts its own TET exam at the primary and secondary levels of teaching. These tests are conducted by NCTE (National Council for Teacher Education) after passing D.Ed. or B.Ed.

The test is mandatory for getting teaching jobs in government schools from Class 1 to Class 8.

CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test): CTET is conducted by central government. After qualifying for the exam a candidate is consider eligible for teaching in primary and elementary school, anywhere in India

Pattern of the exam:

Both these exams consist of two papers for 2 sets of aspirants:

  • Paper 1- It is meant for teachers opting for Class 1 to Class 5
  • Paper 2 - for Class 6 to Class 8

The syllabus of the exam primarily consists of Child Development and Pedagogy, Mathematics, Language, Environmental/ Social Science. Pattern of the papers till now are MCQ (multiple choice question) based.

However, detailed published notification needs to be refereed for specificities in exam pattern and syllabus.

National Eligibility Test (NET) – The university teaching job is one of the most coveted jobs for this stream for which qualification in National Eligibility Test (NET) along with a post-graduation degree is compulsory. Candidates have the option to give the test only for Assistant professor or Junior research fellowship as well. Though exam is same, the cut-off in both cases is different.

The candidates have the option to select their choice of subject, on the basis of which syllabus differs.

Summing up:

The demand for good teachers is all the more in today’s time. As a career Teaching offers a wide range of choices and a defined growth for aspirants with right aptitude. However, one needs to be well prepared for qualification in the examinations mentioned, for a defined start in the sector.


Last Date of Application : 30/09/2018

Notification Description : NATIONAL TESTING AGENCY (An autonomous organization under the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India)   JOINT ENTRANCE EXAMINATION.....

View Notification
GATE - 2019 Exam   01/09/2018

Last Date of Application : 21/09/2018

Notification Description : Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE - 2019) Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is basically an examination on the comprehensive understanding of the candidates in various und.....

View Notification

Last Date of Application : 30/09/2018

Notification Description : National Testing Agency (NTA) UGC - NET The University Grants Commission (UGC) has entrusted the responsibility of conducting UGC-NET to the NTA. UGC-NET is a test being conducted to determine.....

View Notification

Last Date of Application : 12/06/2018

Notification Description :                L. N. Mishra Institute of Economic Development & Social Change                     &nbs.....

View Notification
View All Notifications